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Types of pain

    Pain is an indicator that signals the onset of pathology in the body

    Pain is a special type of sensitivity that is formed as a result of the action of a pathogenic stimulus characterized by di-compromised sensations and is accompanied by significant changes in the body.

    The pain may be situational or chronic. Chronic pain is felt for a long time (more than 6 weeks). The pain can be felt constantly or at some interval and is divided into dull or acute.

    Pain sensation is caused by various agents, but they are united by general quality – a real or potential danger to the body. Such a pain signal provides the mobilization of the body for protection against a pathogenic agent and creates a defensive limitation of some functions of the body damaged by pain – a functional unit:

    • mobilization of an organism for protection against a pathogenic agent is an important and protective reflex reaction aimed at dismissal or as much as possible restriction of the action of the factor (s) causing (their) pain.
    • limiting the function of the body or the body as a whole (a pathological example: compensatory rotation of the joints as a consequence of restriction of movement in places of localization of pain starting from the foot affecting the balance of the knee, hip joint, etc.)

    Pathogenic value of pain

    Pain is often a component of the development of many diseases and diseases (for example, pain due to trauma can cause shock and provoke its development, pain in inflammation of the nerve root causes a disruption of the function of tissues and organs, the development of general reactions of the body: increase or decrease in blood pressure, functions of the heart, kidneys).

    The pain (or severity) in the chest often is not related to cardiac problems. Many patients who consult cardiologists about heart attacks are actually suffering from a blockage of the vertebral arteries.

    And, on the contrary, no gastric ulcer can lead to pain in the area of ​​the connection of the thoracic and lumbar spine, and the diseases of the liver give pain in the right shoulder.

    Often, diseases of the hip joint give pain to the leg and knee.

    Pain in the spine, depending on the location of the damaged nerve endings, is transmitted to other areas, such as the outside of the foot, to the large joint of the toe or to the sole. Changes in the cervical spine can be given at the tips of your fingers or wrists.

    Assessment of pain symptoms is complicated by the fact that the perception of pain is very individual – a feeling that is easy for one person to pull the pain, for the other it is impossible to tolerate.

    Pain susceptible people have a risk that the problem may be detected too late. It is recommended to pay attention to secondary symptoms: limitation of mobility, edema or stiffening, in order to avoid late detection of the disease.

    If you notice a painful sensation that has become frequent, you should pay attention to this time.

    A doctor’s consultation, where you can talk about symptoms, your well-being, will help you in a timely manner to determine if this feeling is a threat to the body. Perhaps the doctor will write directions to the MRI, when it comes to the spine.

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    This site is for educational purposes only; no information is intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice.

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