Intervertebral hernia is a rupture of the intervertebral disk of the spine. Spinal discs are located between the vertebrae – it is a cartilage with a nucleus that “glues” the vertebrae and absorbs it. A rupture of the disk and the entry of the disk core into the surrounding vertebral space is called an intervertebral hernia.
A disk rupture is possible due to lack of food and low water component of the disk (dehydration of the intervertebral disc) – the disk loses flexibility, “dries” cartilage. When overloading (lifting of loads, sneezing, coughing, which leads to a sharp reduction in the muscles of the back and pressure on the spinal discs), the layers of the disc shell gradually break through, reaching the core of the disk – the core penetrates the vertebral canal. The process of forming a hernia can go unnoticed. In some cases, parts of the nucleus can create inflammatory processes near the nerves of the spinal cord – there is back pain.
Symptoms of an intervertebral hernia (spine hernia)
Numbness, tingling and limitation of movements of hands, fingers.
Inability to perform amplitude movements in shoulders, elbows, brushes.
Spasm of the muscles or pain during a deep breath.
Severe pain in the neck, chest, legs, hands.
The sensation of pain increases during inclination and sitting, especially in the chair.
The pain may appear during coughing or sneezing.
Pain accompanied by fever or chills.
Chronic pain after prolonged stay in a sitting position or standing.
The pain is accompanied by a loss of control of the operation of the bladder or of the intestines.
Long lasting pain in the abdomen and lower back.
Fatigue and depressed mood.
Acute back pain after lifting heavy objects or physical activity.
Failure to stand straight without the tension of the muscles of the back.
Dull pain in one area of the spine in a position lying or rising from the bed.
Back pain that irradiates from the lower back in the buttocks, down the back / front of the thigh, in the knees, legs, toes.
Diagnosis of intervertebral hernia
Many patients who experience weakness in the muscles of the lower extremities, have back pain and pain in their legs is diagnosed – the intervertebral hernia of the spine. Intervertebral hernia (extrusion) may be one, and maybe several at once in different parts of the spine. The hernias of the intervertebral disc are not always accompanied by back pain. In such cases, the treatment of intervertebral hernia is not necessary. It is recommended to observe the natural motor regime without overload, proper nutrition and water consumption. At the same time, extrusion can become a provocative factor for inflammation in the vertebral segment / segments and to participate in the formation of other diseases of the spine. Therefore, for the correct determination of the degree of damage to the vertebral disc, diagnosis and the choice of proper treatment, it is necessary to undergo a doctor’s examination.
Do not hurry to do a hernia removal surgery! In the nature of man laid compensatory mechanism. Take time to restore the deep muscles of the spine, the ligaments, the spine joints – work with the spine compensates for the load on the intervertebral discs. Restoring the metabolism of the back tissue can eliminate edema, remove internal pressure on the affected nerve roots.
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